Gloucestershire is a county in the West of England and it is mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in the 10th century.  The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn and the entire Forest of Dean.  The county town is the city of Gloucester and other principal towns include Cheltenham, Cirencester, Stroud, and Tewkesbury.

The Cotswolds, of which Gloucestershire is major geographical part, are a range of hills in southwestern and west-central England, an area 25 miles across and 90 miles long. The area has been designated as the Cotswold Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.  The highest point in the Cotswolds range is Cleeve Hill at 1,083 ft to the north of Cheltenham.